The Effect of Transformational Leadership on Teacher Professional Commitment and the Mediation Role of Teacher Academic Optimism
Keywords:Transformational Leadership, teacher's professional commitment, teacher's academic optimism
This study aims to examine the effect of the principal's transformational leadership on teacher professional commitment and the mediating role of teacher academic optimism. This research was conducted on teachers in 10 schools in Bengkalis distnct, Riau Province, there were 232 respondents as the research sample, while the research time was carried out between October and December 2021 Data analysis techniques were in the form of validity and reliability tests with SEM-analysis. PLS via software WarpPLS Version 7.0 This study has found that transformational leadership indirectly affects the professional commitment of teachers in carrying out their duties, which is 0.423. In addition, this study also shows that the effect of transformational leadership on teacher professional commitment is mediated by teacher's academic optimism of 0 535 This study found that transformational leadership directly affects teachers’ professional commitment by 0.112. The principal's transformational leadership has a positive predictive effect on teacher academic optimism of 0.603 and teachers’ academic optimism has a direct effect on teacher professional commitment of 0 702.
Anita R, & Adi Rahmat. (2022). Dampak Person Environment Fit Terhadap Komitmen Afektif dan OCB. Jurnal Komunitas Sains Manajemen, 1(1), 56–62. https://doi.org/10.55356/jksm.v1i1.17
Barth, R. S. (1991). Improving Schools from Within: Teachers, Parents, and Principals Can Make the Difference. Jossey-Bass.
Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. Free Press.
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1991). Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) Sample Packet.
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2007). Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire: Manual and Sampler Set. 3rd ed.
Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational Leadership. In Transformational Leadership: Second Edition.
Beard, K. S., & Hoy, W. K. (2009). Academic Optimism of Individual Teachers. … School Contexts: Influences of Principals and …, 1–35.
Bogler, R., & Somech, A. (2004). Influence of teacher empowerment on teachers’ organizational commitment, professional commitment and organizational citizenship behavior in schools. Teaching and Teacher Education, 20(3), 277–289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2004.02.003
Brissie, J. S., Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., & Bassler, O. C. (1988). Individual, Situational Contributors to Teacher Burnout. Journal of Educational Research, 82(2), 106–112. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220671.1988.10885876
Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York : Harper & Row.
Danim, S., & Suparno. (2009). Manajemen dan Kepemimpinan Transformasional Kekepalasekolahan : Visi dan Strategi Sukses Era Teknologi, Situasi Krisis, dan Internasional Pendidikan. Rineka Cipta.
Hipp, K. A., & Bredesqn, P. V. (1995). Exploring Connections between Teacher Efficacy and Principals’ Leadership Behaviors. Journal of School Leadership, 5(2), 136–150. https://doi.org/10.1177/105268469500500202
Hong, F. Y. (2017). Antecedent and consequence of school academic optimism and teachers’ academic optimism model. Educational Studies, 43(2), 165–185. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2016.1248902
Hoy, A. W., Hoy, W. K., & Kurz, N. M. (2008). Teacher’s academic optimism: The development and test of a new construct. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24(4), 821–835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2007.08.004
Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C., & Hoy, A. W. (2006). Academic optimism of Schools”. In Contemporary Issues in Educational Policy and School Outcomes. greenwich, CT: Information Age.
Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C. J., & Woolfolk Hoy, A. (2006). Academic optimism of schools: A force for student achievement. American Educational Research Journal, 43(3), 425–446. https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312043003425
Lee, A. N., & Nie, Y. (2017). Teachers’ perceptions of school leaders’ empowering behaviours and psychological empowerment: Evidence from a Singapore sample. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 45(2), 260–283. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143215578448
Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (1998). Distributed Leadership and Student Engagement in School. ED424645. 55p.
Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality development. In new York: Harper and Row.
Ogawa, R. T., & Hart, A. W. (1985). The effect of principals on the instructional performance of schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 23(1), 59. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb009901
Pillai, R., Schriesheim, C. A., & Williams, E. S. (1999). Fairness perceptions and trust as mediators for transformational and transactional leadership: A two-sample study. Journal of Management, 25(6), 897–933. https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639902500606
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Moorman, R. H., & Fetter, R. (1990). Transformational leader behaviors and their effects on followers’ trust in leader, satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 1(2), 107–142. https://doi.org/10.1016/1048-9843(90)90009-7
Rafida, T., Rahmat, A., & Seswandi, A. (2022). Dukungan Sosial dan Komitmen Afektif Peran Mediasi Modal Psikologi. 1(4), 299–310.
Rahmat, A. (2015). Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Dan Komitmen Organisasi Terhadap Turnover Intentions Karyawan (Survey Pada PT. Telesindo Shop Cabang Pekanbaru). Jurnal Daya Saing, 1(3), 203–213. https://doi.org/10.35446/dayasaing.v1i3.28
Riehl, C., & Sipple, J. W. (1995). Scheduling Time and Talent: The Impact of Secondary School Organizational Conditions and Teachers’ Work Assignments on Teachers’ Perceptions of Efficacy and Professional Commitment. American Educational Research Association. San Francisco, CA.
Rizal, A., Rahmat, A., & Heri, H. (2022). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Etis Terhadap Komitmen Pegawai Dengan Moderasi Dukungan Organisasi Pada Dinas Pariwisata, Pemuda Dan …. Jurnal Daya Saing. https://www.ejournal.kompetif.com/index.php/dayasaing/article/view/888%0Ahttps://www.ejournal.kompetif.com/index.php/dayasaing/article/download/888/604
Toor, S.-R., & Ofori, G. (2010). Positive Psychological Capital as a Source of Sustainable Competitive Advantage for Organizations. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136(3), 341–352. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)co.1943-7862.0000135
Zeinabadi, H., & Rastegarpour, H. (2010). Factors affecting teacher trust in principal: Testing the effect of transformational leadership and procedural justice. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5(2), 1004–1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.226